51st Virginia Infantry
Assignments, Command Structure
General Gabriel C. Wharton
51st Virginia Roster
Official Reports of Battles
Resting Places
Links & Misc.

Battle Flag of the 51st  Virginia Infantry
Battle Flag of the 51st Virginia Infantry (replica)

"Twas then we bid farewell to home, friends, & connections & took up the lines of march to meet the serried ranks of a strong but dastard foe."

--Lieut. Rufus J. Woolwine, 51st Virginia Infantry, 1861


The 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment was organized at Wytheville, Virginia in August of 1861.  It was composed of eleven companies from southwestern Virginia.  The men of the 51st were from Wythe, Grayson, Wise, Patrick, Nelson, Bland, Tazewell, Amherst, and Floyd Counties. The vast majority of these men were farmers.

The 51st earned an impressive record in many battles.  It led the charge at New Market, a victory which saved the Shenandoah Valley, and therefore bought the Confederacy another year.  The regiment participated in Longstreet's Knoxville Campaign, and  was assigned briefly to Lee's Army of Northern Virginia while fighting around Richmond and at the bloody battle of Cold Harbor.  It was also a vital part of Jubal Early's Valley Campaign and his famous raid on Washington.

On March 2, 1865, the battered, depleted, and severely outnumbered 51st Virginia and the rest of Wharton's division was overwhelmed by Sheridan's Federal cavalry under Gen. George Custer at Waynesboro, Virginia.  The majority of the regiment was captured and sent to Fort Delaware or Elmira, N.Y.  The few soldiers of the 51st who escaped, served briefly under Gen. John B. Gordon at Petersburg.  The beloved battle flag of the regiment was captured on March 25, 1865, in the attack on Fort Stedman.

This page is dedicated to my Great-Great Grandfather, Private William P. Williams

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Proud member: Sons of Confederate Veterans. - Lt. Robert D. Powel, Camp # 1817, Blountville, TN.